Choosing the right roofing material from the many options in the market requires a thorough selection and comparison of factors such as durability, appearance, fire ratings, roof slope, weather resistance, roofing costs, etc. Each roofing material has its properties, pros, and cons; hence a deep understanding of what you want and what’s available in the market is critical. To help you choose the suitable material for your home or business, we’ve identified five common roofing services, their advantages, properties, and typical use cases.
Whether you are installing a roof for your residential or commercial property, choosing the right type will help you avoid future stress and inconveniences. The cost of installing a roof depends on many factors, such as the roof type and accessibility. More often, the slope determines the supplies, time, labor, and other resources needed.
You should also check with your local laws whether you’ll need a permit to install or repair the roof. That said, it’s recommended to have a professional inspection done before starting your renovation project. This will help examine any potential problems which might affect the roofing post-installation.
Asphalt & Shingle Roofs
Roof shingles are a type of roof covering that consists of overlapping elements of either wood, slate, stakes, plastic, or asphalt – often laid in successive courses from the bottom of the roof upwards. Roofing shingles come in varying shapes, from flat rectangular types to square and horizontal designs. Shingles are held by roof rafters and are highly visible, making them a critical part of the building’s exterior.
The shingle type to be used is usually taken into account before the construction begins since the material affects both the construction method and roof pitch. Some materials are installed on lath, while others need robust sheathing on the roof deck. Below is a breakdown of the common shingle types and their typical use cases.
- Metal shingles: They have the best fire resistance capabilities, hence used in fire-prone areas.
- Cedar shingles: While this type will gradually fade from their natural wood color to a silver-like appearance, they are highly resistant to rot.
- Slate shingles: Also known as stone shingles, this type is expensive to install but is highly durable, lasting up to 400 years.
- Wood Shingles: They are available in two types, wood shakes and wood shingles. The former is longer and thicker than wood shingles. Wood shingles and shakes have long been considered a fire hazard and banned in several parts of the world. However, modern technologies have seen wood shingles and shakes achieve class B and A fire ratings.
- Asphalt shingles: This is perhaps the most common type of roofing material, thanks to its cost-effectiveness, durability, low maintenance, and a wide range of color options to choose from. Fiberglass-based asphalt shingles are known for their high fire rating (Class A), making them a versatile option you can use anywhere.
Some of the advantages of shingle roofing include ease of installation, durability, and various roofing styles, texture, and colors. If you are to avoid issues with algae/mold growth and shingle blistering, an expert and licensed professional should do the roofing.
Metal Roofing Installs and Repairs
Metal roofing is gaining acceptance in the market, especially among homeowners looking for varied roofing styles and looks, durability, and energy efficiency. Metal tiles or pieces are known for their impermeability and high impact resistance. Common alloys include copper, zinc, and steel; however, copper has lately seen widespread use thanks to many benefits: corrosion resistance, low maintenance, lightning protection, and radio-frequency shielding.
Coatings of various materials such as ceramic and epoxy are also used on metal panels to provide waterproofing, reflect heat, and prevent rust. Some manufacturers use clear coatings on copper-alloy metals to preserve the metallic tone, color, and warmth. On the other hand, opaque paint coatings are used over copper metals when longevity is desired. Here are some of the reasons why you may want to consider metal roofing in your next construction or renovation project:
Longevity: With a life span of around 40-70 years, metal roofs are highly suited for permanent structures.
Safety: In case of fire accidents or lightning, metal roofs won’t ignite or spark a fire, and age doesn’t reduce fire-resistance properties.
Cost-effectiveness: Metal roofing costs may be a bit higher compared to the other options. However, with little to no maintenance over its lifespan, it remains one of the most cost-effective roofing types.
They boost home value: Metal roofs can increase your home’s resale value by 1% to 6%, and you can expect to recoup up to 90% of your total installation costs.
Another benefit of metal roofing is that it can be installed on top of existing asphalt shingles, hence cutting down the installation cost. However, this will often depend on the building codes of your area. That said, a thorough inspection of the existing roofing type is required to ascertain that there’s no rodent infestation or moisture build-up. One major disadvantage with metal roofing is the high noise levels when there are heavy rains.
Commercial Roofing Projects
Roofing materials for business or industrial complexes take different styles, shapes, and designs, and the right choice for your building will vary depending on your needs and a couple of factors such as life expectancy of the roof, level of maintenance, and weather conditions of the area. Some of the common commercial roofing systems include:
- Built-Up Roofing or BUR roof: This is the standard tar & gravel roofing system with several layers to ensure durability. This low-slope roof type is ideal for someone looking for a durable yet cost-effective option.
- EPDM or Thermoset Roof: This is a long-lasting, versatile and easy-to-maintain roofing system that’s constructed from single-ply rubber. It has reflective properties to help with cooling and is resistant to some acid, alcohol, and solvents.
- Thermoplastic or TPO & PVC Roof: Thermoplastic polyolefin (TPO) and Poly Vinyl Chloride (PVC) roofs are lightweight roofing membranes that are highly reflective and resistant to punctures, chemicals, UV rays, and bacterial growth. This roofing type is best for businesses such as hotels and restaurants.
The other commercial roofing types available include metal roofing, green roofing system, and spray polyurethane foam (SPF). The latter isn’t prevalent, but it is waterproof, energy-efficient, and can last up to 50 years when correctly installed.
Before deciding to install roofing in your commercial building, it’s best to consult a roofing professional. This way, you’ll have the chance to explore more options and even compare and contrast them before settling on a roofing type that best suits your needs.
Flat Roof Installations & Repair
Flat roofs or low-slope roofs, unlike its sloped counterparts, may not be the most structurally appealing, but it comes with its advantages. Most designers prefer to use flat roofs in warmer climates or arid areas, where rainfall is rare, and freezing is less likely to occur. In these areas, concrete is used to design the flat roof as it does an excellent job of keeping out the high heat from the sun.
Flat roofs are often covered with a waterproof membrane to prevent leakage and ensure long-lasting performance. One of the advantages of using flat roofs is the relatively lower cost of installation. Similarly, they require fewer materials, and when installed correctly, they are often stronger than pitched roofs. In structures with limited spaces, flat roofs can be modified to create extra living or storage spaces.
If you are considering a flat roof in your next building project, you should keep the following in mind:
- Flat roofs require proper maintenance and assessment – this includes removing any ponding water within 48 hours and inspecting it after major storms.
- The lifespan of modern flat roofs ranges from 12 to 27 years, depending on the material used.
- There are limited materials for flat roofs. Common ones include TPO, bitumen, Thermoplastic polyolefin, and rubber.
- The larger the surface area of the flat roof, the lesser the stability. Proper assessment of the building is critical before installation.
Over the years, flat roofs have been considered the ideal type used to achieve specific environmental objectives, e.g., planting green vegetation on them. This forms what’s traditionally called roof gardens, but now popularly known as green roofs. These roofs are common in learning institutions, government buildings, museums, and even in some residential structures.
Tile Roof Installations & Repair
Tile roofing is known for its rich and beautiful look and is often a popular choice among homeowners looking to add a touch of class and elegance to their home’s exterior. Roof tiles come in various shapes and designs, and the best part is that this roofing material offers both aesthetic appeal and unmatched structural functionalities.
Some of the benefits of using tile roofing include energy efficiency, durability, and longevity of up to 100 years. The available shapes include flat, curved, fluted, and interlocking styles. Traditionally, roofing tiles were made from fired clay, slate, or terra cotta product; however, today’s roofing tiles are mostly made from molded and tinted concrete and slate.
Tile roofing is an ideal choice for people living in coastal areas, especially those exposed to salt air and high humidity levels. The wide range of materials and various styles and colors means that you can always find the design that will suit your needs. Below are the other reasons why tile roofing could be your best pick:
- Energy-efficient: Research has shown that tile roofing can decrease heat flow into the attic by as much as 70% compared to other options such as asphalt shingle roofs. Similarly, if you are renovating your home using a tile roof, you can apply for a federal tax credit and receive up to 30% of the installation costs.
- Little to no maintenance: when appropriately installed, tile roofing can do decades without the need for repairs. This is because the materials used, such as clay or cement, absorb heat and suffer less heat damage. Additionally, tile roofing is impervious to insect or rot damage.
- Environmentally friendly: Tile roofing is made from earth minerals; hence it contains no chemicals. Once removed, these materials can be recycled conveniently.
One of the primary concerns with Tile roofing is the initial cost of installation and the heavyweight that requires a solid roofing structure. They are also brittle, and professional installation is critical to minimize the chances of breakage.
Every roof needs replacing at some point, whether you have just purchased a newly constructed home or existing home, your roof will only last so long. All Phase Roofing Services can help you decide when the right time to replace your roof should be and take care of any repairs to see the life of the roof last as long as possible.
EMERGENCY ROOF REPAIRS
As storms roll through the summer months here in Florida, emergency roof repair calls inundate local roofing companies. Before you climb on your roof to check for storm damage or leaks, call All Phase Roofing Services. We are quick to respond and will show up on time to handle your repair at the agreed-upon time.
Regular roof inspections can help detect small repairs before they become big problems. Hurricane season is not the only time to consider roofing inspections. Leaky roofs are common problems for homeowners and can be one of the easiest to fix especially if detected early. Call or fill out our contact form and we will get in touch immediately to provide you with a free, fast quote for your roof repair or roof inspection.